A Risk Sciences International glossary definition (Last modifed: December 15, 2023)


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Risk mitigation refers to the process of identifying, assessing, and prioritizing risks to an organization, project, or system, followed by the application of coordinated strategies and resources to minimize the potential adverse impacts. These strategies are geared towards reducing the likelihood of a risk event occurring, or mitigating the impact should the risk event transpire. Essentially, risk mitigation acts as a contingency planning mechanism that aims to protect an entity’s objectives and ensure operational resilience.

In the context of project management, risks are often categorized into various types such as operational, financial, reputational, or strategic risks. For each identified risk, appropriate mitigative actions are then developed. These actions may involve procedural adjustments, allocation of additional resources, or the implementation of new technologies. The end goal is to either avoid the risk entirely or to reduce its impact to an acceptable level.

Risk mitigation is not a one-time activity but rather an ongoing process that involves continuous monitoring and evaluation. Regular reviews are conducted to assess the efficacy of mitigative actions and to make necessary adjustments in the light of new data or changing circumstances. Overall, risk mitigation is a crucial aspect of sound governance and decision-making in any organized setting.

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