A Risk Sciences International glossary definition (Last modifed: December 15, 2023)

chemical and product safety

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The field of research in Chemical and Product Safety risk is an interdisciplinary domain that focuses on evaluating the potential hazards associated with chemicals, materials, and products throughout their lifecycle. This includes assessing the risks to humans, animals, and the environment from manufacturing, use, and disposal. The field employs a multi-faceted approach involving various scientific disciplines like toxicology, chemistry, environmental science, and engineering, among others.

The primary objectives of this area of research include:

  1. Identifying Hazardous Substances: The first step is identifying the toxic or harmful substances present in chemicals or products, and understanding their properties and behaviors.
  2. Exposure Assessment: Researchers study the various pathways through which exposure to hazardous chemicals can occur, including inhalation, ingestion, and dermal absorption.
  3. Risk Characterization: Combining data on both the hazardous properties of substances and the likelihood of exposure, risk assessments are conducted to determine the potential for harm.
  4. Regulation and Compliance: The findings often contribute to the formation or modification of safety guidelines, laws, and regulations, which aim to minimize the risks associated with chemical and product usage.
  5. Public Awareness: Dissemination of information regarding safe handling, use, and disposal procedures, typically through safety data sheets or public awareness campaigns, is also an important aspect.
  6. Technological Solutions: The field also explores the development of safer alternatives to hazardous chemicals or risky procedures, often through green chemistry or process optimizations.

This research ultimately serves as the scientific foundation for making informed decisions and policies that protect public health and environmental well-being. With advancements in technology and increasing complexity of chemical formulations, the importance of this field continues to grow.

chemical safety
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